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Copyright by Lisa R. Bartle 1997-2015
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Age of Reader:
Age of reader, or expected reader, is a way to limit out books that might be beyond the readers' reading level or emotional level.
These divisions are not meant to be written in stone. An advanced child may read out of their age level, or a more reluctant reader may need a lower age book to encourage further reading. All of these books are emotionally and literarily fulfilling, and ought to be read regardless of these categories, which are meant only as a guide.
The books are divided into six formats: picture books, chapter books, easy readers, stories without words, verse novels, and graphic novels. Picture books does not necessarily mean the book is meant for young children; there are quite a few picture books that I wouldn't give to a child less than ten years old, such as Hiroshima No Pika.
There is a bias toward the United States because most of these books were published originally in the U.S. by American authors. If you want a specific state or country, such as Florida or Turkey, then use the keyword search.
There are a number of genres represented in the database, but the most frequent is one form of fiction or another. Fiction is therefore divided into several sub-grouping. Below is a description of each genre grouping:
Meant for young children to learn the alphabet.
Any story where animals, plants, or inanimate objects play a large part, and behave anthropomorphically.
How to make art or instructional material about art.
Memoirs and autobiographies of a life by the survivor of that life.
Biographies of historical figures.
Meant for young children to learn colors.
Meant for young children to learn numbers and counting.
For stories that build on themselves and repeat (Such as "The House that Jack Built").
A kind of fiction with fantastic settings, characters, and events.
The largest group. Incorporates the many kinds of fiction in the database including mystery, fantasy, historical fiction, realistic fiction, science fiction, folktales, and general fiction.
Anything that is mythical or legendary or is a fairy tale falls into this genre. Folktales may not be given a location, but are usually given the source ethnicity or nationality. If only fairy tales are desired, use the keyword search.
Fiction set in a particular period, whose events and characters reflect that period, but may be only loosely related to historical events.
Reflecting what is considered history, dealing with historical events, people, or objects.
Books that instruct how to perform a specific task such as sign language or gardening.
More advanced than counting books, these try to make numbers and mathematics enjoyable.
Books containing lyrics and music to songs.
A kind of fiction. Consists of books that deal with supernatural phenomena, as well as books revolving around "whodunit." Use the keyword search for more specific searches.
Poetry may be rhyming or not, and may include mother goose or blank verse by great poets. For more specific needs, use the keyword search.
A gritty fiction dealing with serious issues for the older reader. Examples include The Great Gilly Hopkins or What Jamie Saw.
Books that cover the various life and physical sciences, such biology, physiology, physics, chemistry, and more. Combine with a keyword search on the specific science for a more exact search.
Like fantasy in that they usually occur in incredible places, but they offer some kind of a pseudo-scientific explanation for the events. Often occurs in the future.
Realistic, non-fiction meant to educate children about other cultures, people, and themselves.
Plays. There are currently only two items in this catagory from the represented awards. Thriller Suspense is dominant in this type of story, including chases and mysteries, but not necessarily a whodunnit.
Used for historical fiction and biographies, the divisions have a Eurocentric bias, as well as a bias toward United States history. The divisions are meant to be guides for a broad area of time. Some areas dealt with frequently deserved their own sub-division, such as Civil War being distinct from 19th-century. You can do a keyword search on other centuries, such as the 16th Century.
Prehistoric Covering times before civilization. Ancient Covering from about 3000 BCE - 500 CE.* Medieval Covering about 500 CE - 1500 CE. Renaissance Covering about 1500 CE - 1700 CE. 17th Century Covering from 1600-1699 CE. American Revolution Covering the American Revolutionary War. 18th Century Covering history from 1700 CE through 1799 CE including the American Revolution War. American Civil War Covering the American Civil War (1861-1865). 19th Century Covering history from 1800 CE through 1890 CE including the American Civil War. Turn of the Century Covering about 1890 CE through 1914 CE World War I Covering about 1914 CE through 1929 CE, but most are directly related to the First World War. 1920s Covering about 1920 CE through 1929 CE, not usually related to World War I. 1930s Covering 1930 CE through 1939 CE. Depression Covering 1930 CE through 1945 CE, especially the great economic Depression world-wide. 1940s Covering 1940 CE through 1949 CE. World War II Covering about 1942 CE through 1950 CE, but may go back earlier because the Second World War started earlier in European countries. 1950s Covering about 1950 CE through 1959 CE. 1960s Covering about 1960 CE through 1969 CE. 1970s Covering about 1970 CE through 1979 CE. 1980s Covering about 1980 CE through 1989 CE. Contemporary Most useful for fiction. Usually covering about 1950 to present when the material seems to be contemporary or timeless when read, and does not have any specific years mentioned, or is about issues still current. More specific times can be searched using the keyword search and the time period (1970s or 1980s). 20th Century Covering about 1900 CE through 1999 CE. Most useful for non-fiction books, such as biographies or histories. 21st Century Covering about 2000 CE - 2999 CE. Most useful for non-fiction books, such as biographies, histories, or books about specific events, such as the Sept. 11, 2001 World Trade Center terrorist attack. Future By definition these are almost always science fiction, usually utopias or dystopias. *BCE means Before the Common Era; CE means the Common Era.
Used as substitute for BC and AD.
Including only those materials that show two cultures interacting, whether that interaction is positive or negative. Yo Yes is one example, as is The Oxboy. Because the database is so specific, other types of multi-culturalism may be accessed by searching for books set outside of the U.S., or using a specific nationality or ethnicity for the protagonist.
Ethnicity/Nationality of the Protagonist or Lore :
Biased in favor of those ethnicities found frequently in the United States. If a more specific ethnicity is desired, use the keyword search. Lore is given an ethnicity/nationality as is the protagonist. Ethnicity/Nationality is also used to reflect the country of origin for folktales.
African Set in Africa with African protagonist. African-American Separate from African because of overwhelming numbers. Australian Australian includes both Aboriginal Australians as well as Australians of European or other decent. Do a keyword search for only Aborigines. Canadian Separate because of great numbers. Usually Canadian award-winning books are set in Canada about Canadians. Chinese Separate because of great numbers. Find Chinese-Americans by setting ethnicity to Chinese and location to United States. Danish Separate because of numbers. East Asian A group search for people from China, Japan, Korea, Thailand, Vietnam, Mongolian, Tibet, and Cambodia. Combine with a keyword search to be specific. East Indian Means people from India rather than Native Americans in North or South America. English Separate because of numbers. French Separate because of numbers. German Separate because of numbers. Greek Separate because of numbers. Hispanic Covering protagonists living in the United States, Mexico, Middle America, and South America. To find Hispanic-Americans, set the location to United States. Irish Separate because of numbers. Italian Separate because of numbers. Japanese Separate because of numbers. Find Japanese-Americans by setting ethnicity to Japanese and location to United States. Jewish Separate because of numbers. Korean Separate because of numbers. Mid-Eastern Separate because of numbers. Native American Covers all natives of the Western Hemisphere, whether North or South America. Combine with a keyword for more specific tribes such as Sioux or Maya. New Zealand For New Zealanders from the old world or native Maori. Combine with keyword search to be specific. Polish Separate because of numbers. Russian Separate because of numbers. Scottish Separate because of numbers. Welsh Separate because of numbers. Other Includes all ethnicities or nationalities not included in the above, such as Albanian, Austrian, Bulgarian, Haitian, Jamaican, Cornish, Dutch, Hungarian, Norwegian, Spanish, and Swedish. Do a keyword search at access specific ethnicities or nationalities.
Used to select the gender of the protagonist, without regard to the genre of the book. Protagonist means the main character in fiction as well as non-fiction, such as biographies.
Languages Other Than English:
All of these books were written or translated into English. But sometimes books include a significant number of words from other languages in an effort to enhance the representation of the culture, to promote understanding of other languages and cultures, or to provide a comfort level for non-native speakers. Most often these books are in Spanish, but other languages sometimes appear. The number of books of that language in the database appears in parentheses in the Language pull-down menu.
May be used to limit the books to a year or span of years.
The Keyword search is for when highly specialized books are needed, such as books on Christmas or death. Words are automatically searched as a phrase. No Boolean ANDs or ORs will function in this field (Yet!). When searching, try to pluralize the nouns you are using: search dogs rather than dog.
The keyword search can be used to find:
New England (USE): Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Maine, New
Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.
Northeast (USNE): Above and New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia
Great Plains (USGP): Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota
Midwest (USM): Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Wisconsin
Northwest (USNW): Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
Southwest (USSW): Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Utah
Pacific (USP): Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, Washington
South (USSo): Arkansas, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
Southeast (USSE): Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia
The author/illustrator/translator search feature offers a way to search for the people who created/shaped the book. This will search these three fields. The best way to search is to use either the first name or the last name. As DAWCL is a small database, that should yield good results. You may try, however, to type in the last name with a comma then a space and the first name.
The awards given are the sources for the books in the database. As time goes by, I hope to add more sources that recognize quality children's books. To search the entire database leave the pull-down menu to "Search All Awards." Selecting a specific award will limit the search to that award only. To obtain a list of books which have won an award select the award and sort by publication year. You may want to find out more about these awards.
In the results page(s), abbreviations are given to each of the awards. The abbreviations are as follows:
1. AAAS AAAS/Subaru SB&F Prize for Excellence in Science Books 2. AABA Arab American Book Award for Children/Young Adults 3. AABH Arab American Book Honor for Children/Young Adults 4. ABBY American Booksellers Book of the Year Award 5. ACBA Australia Children's Book of the Year Award (Three categories in one.) 6. Aesop Aesop Prize 7. AFHG Amelia Frances Howard Gibbon Illustrator Award 8. AIP American Institute of Physics Science Writing Award - Children 9. AIYH American Indian Youth Literature Award Honor 10. AIYL American Indian Youth Literature Award 11. ALAN ALA Notable Books for Children 12. AmBA Americas Book Award for Children's and Young Adult Literature
AmBH Americas Book Honor for Children's and Young Adult Literature 14. ANA Andre Norton Award for Young Adult Science Fiction and Fantasy 15. APALA Asian Pacific American Librarians Association Award for Literature
APALH Asian Pacific American Librarians Association Award for Literature, honor 17. Aurealis Aurealis Awards 18. BBB Best Books for Babies
BBYA Best Books for Young Adults (American Library Association) 20. BELA Notable Books of the English Language Arts 21. BGHBA Boston Globe-Horn Book Award 22. BGHBH Boston Globe-Horn Book Honors 23. BFYA Best Fiction for Young Adults 24. Bisto Bisto Book of the Year 25. BSA Bram Stoker Award for Superior Achievement in a Young Adult Novel 26. BSGN Bram Stoker Award for Best Graphic Novel 27. BSBYA Book Sensense Book of the Year Award 28. BTP Booktrust Teenage Prize 29. CABA Children's Africana Book Award 30. CABH Children's Africana Book Honor 31. CarM Carnegie Medal 32. CBIA CBI Book of the Year Award 33. CBIH CBI Book of the Year Honor 34. CGWA Carter G. Woodson Award 35. CGWH Carter G. Woodson Honor 36. CLABYA Canada Library Association Young Adult Canadian Book Award 37. CLABYC Canada Library Association Book of the Year Award for Children 38. CM Caldecott Medal 39. CH Caldecott Honor 40. ChrisA Christopher Award 41. CSKA Coretta Scott King Award 42. CSKH Coretta Scott King Honor 43. Costa Costa Book Award 44. CZA Charlotte Zolotow Award 45. CZH Charlotte Zolotow Honor 46. dBSBA de Bary Children's Science Book Award 47. dBSBN de Bary Children's Science Book Nominee 48. EAPJA Edgar Allan Poe Juvenile Award 49. EAPYA Edgar Allan Poe Young Adult Award 50. EBWA Elizabeth Burr / Worzalla Award 51. EGA Esther Glen Award 52. EGYA Esther Glen Young Award 53. EPA Eva Pownall Award 54. EPH Eva Pownall Honor 55. ETP Ethel Turner Prize 56. FSSA Flora Stieglitz Straus Award 57. GBA Giverny Book Award 58. GBHF Geoffrey Bilson Award for Historical Fiction for Young People 59. GGF Governor General's Literary Finalist 60. GGW Governor General's Literary Award 62. GKA Golden Kite Award 63. GKH Golden Kite Honor 64. GryA Gryphon Award 65. GryH Gryphon Honor 66. GuardA Guardian Award for Children's Fiction 67. HBF Horn Book Fanfare 68. HMUA Horace Mann Upstanders Book Award 69. HUMH Horace Mann Upstanders Honor Book 70. JABA Jane Addams Book Award 71. JABH Jane Addams Book Honor Book 72. JBA John and Patricia Beatty Award 73. JFA Josette Frank Award 74. KGM Kate Greenaway Medal 75. KMA Kurt Maschler Award 76. LBHA Lee Bennett Hopkins Award 76. LBHH Lee Bennett Hopkins Honor 77. Lewis Claudia Lewis Award 78. MBP Marilyn Baillie Picture Book Award 79. MEBA Middle East Book Award 80. MEBH Middle East Book Honor 81. MFA Mythopoeic Fantasy Award for Children's Literature 82. MLBA Mildred L. Batchelder Award 83. MLBH Mildred L. Batchelder Honor 84. MLPA Michael L. Printz Award 85. MLPH Michael L. Printz Honor 86. NBA National Book Award for Young People's Literature 87. NBH National Book Honor Award for Young People's Literature 88. NFA Norma Fleck Award for Canadian Children's Non-Fiction 89. NM Newbery Medalist 90. NH Newbery Honor 91. NPR NPR Book Concierge 92. NSSTB Notable Social Studies Trade Books 93. NYTBI New York Times Best Illustrated 94. OIB Outstanding International Book List 95. OPA Orbis Pictus Award 96. OPH Orbis Pictus Honor 97. OSTB Outstanding Science Trade Book Award 98. PBA Pura Belpre Award 99. PBH Pura Belpre Honor 100. PhA Phoenix Award 101. PhH Phoenix Honor 102. PMLA Prime Minister's Literary Awards 103. PWP Patricia Wrightson Prize 104. RCA Russell Clark Award 105. RSA Ruth and Sylvia Schwartz Children's Book Award 106. RSYP Royal Society Young People's Book Prize 107. SIBA Robert F. Sibert Informational Book Award 108. SIBH Robert F. Sibert Informational Book Honor 109. SmA Smarties Award 110. SFHA Sid Fleischman Humor Award 111. SODA Scott O'Dell Award 112. Spur Spur Award of the Western Writers of America 113. SSLI Society of School Librarians International 114. SSLH Society of School Librarians International Honor Book 115. STA Sydney Taylor Award 116. STH Sydney Taylor Honor 117. StoneA Stonewall Children & Young Adult Literature Award 118. StoneH Stonewall Children & Young Adult Literature Honor 119. TVSB Tennessee Volunteer State Book Award 120. TBYA Ten Best Books for Young Adults 121. TDC TD Canadian Children's Literature Award 122. TFYA Top Ten Best Fiction for Young Adults 123. TSGA Theodore Seuss Geisel Award 124. TSGH Theodore Seuss Geisel Honor 125. TRA Tomas Rivera Mexican American Children's Book Award 126. WAWA William Allen White Award 127. WCBY Whitbread Children's Book of the Year Award 128. YAENA YALSA Award for Excellence in Nonfiction for Young Adults Award 129. YAENF YALSA Award for Excellence in Nonfiction for Young Adults Finalists
Point of View:
I have recently become interested in point of view as an indexed field in the database. As I consider it and think about the work of going back to previously read and indexed books to get that piece of information, I'm drawing up a plan for what I might put in that field. "Whose thoughts does the narrator know?"
1st person diary -- (all text is journal entries)
1st person epistolary -- (all text is letters from the same character)
1st person poetic -- (all text is poetry)
1st person plural -- (all text uses the "we" rather than "I")
1st person protagonist -- (Use of I is limited to the protagonist)
1st person ancillary -- (Use of I is limited to a secondary character in the story.)
1st person external -- (Use of I is limited to a voice that doesn't appear in the story.)
1st person streaming consciousness
2nd person -- (Use of "you" rather than I, he or she.)
3rd person omniscent -- (Narrator knows what all characters think and feel.)
3rd person limited objective -- (Narrator focuses on one character, but dooesn't know its thoughts or feelings).
3rd person limited subjective -- (Narrator knows what one character thinks and feels.)
3rd person external -- (Narrator conveyes a narrative voice that expresses opinions about the action. May be ancillary or external.)
3rd person objective -- (Narrator is neutral and doesn't know what any character thinks or feels, but describes all like a camera.)
Multiple epistolary -- (all text is letters from various characters)
Multiple documentary -- (all text is from multiple sources and various characters)
Database of Award-Winning Children's Literature