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Instructions Explanation of Awards About Lisa R. Bartle

Copyright by Lisa R. Bartle 1997-2014


age of reader ethnicity genre languages publication year
author/illustrator/translator format historical period multicultural setting
awards gender keyword point of view  

Age of Reader:

Age of reader, or expected reader, is a way to limit out books that might be beyond the readers' reading level or emotional level.


These divisions are not meant to be written in stone.  An advanced child may read out of their age level, or a more reluctant reader may need a lower age book to encourage further reading.  All of these books are emotionally and literarily fulfilling, and ought to be read regardless of these categories, which are meant only as a guide.


The books are divided into six formats: picture books, chapter books, easy readers, stories without words, verse novels, and graphic novels.  Picture books does not necessarily mean the book is meant for young children; there are quite a few picture books that I wouldn't give to a child less than ten years old, such as Hiroshima No Pika.


There is a bias toward the United States because most of these books were published originally in the U.S. by American authors.  If you want a specific state or country, such as Florida or Turkey, then use the keyword search.


There are a number of genres represented in the database, but the most frequent is one form of fiction or another.  Fiction is therefore divided into several sub-grouping. Below is a description of each genre grouping:


Meant for young children to learn the alphabet. 

Animal tale

Any story where animals, plants, or inanimate objects play a large part, and behave anthropomorphically.


How to make art or instructional material about art.


Memoirs and autobiographies of a life by the survivor of that life.


Biographies of historical figures.


Meant for young children to learn colors.


Meant for young children to learn numbers and counting.


For stories that build on themselves and repeat (Such as "The House that Jack Built").


A kind of fiction with fantastic settings, characters, and events.


The largest group.  Incorporates the many kinds of fiction in the database including mystery, fantasy, historical fiction, realistic fiction, science fiction, folktales, and general fiction.


Anything that is mythical or  legendary or is a fairy tale falls into this genre.  Folktales may not be given a location, but are usually given the source ethnicity or nationality.  If only fairy tales are desired, use the keyword search.

Historical Fiction

Fiction set in a particular period, whose events and characters reflect that period, but may be only loosely related to historical events.


Reflecting what is considered history, dealing with historical events, people, or objects.


Books that instruct how to perform a specific task such as sign language or gardening.


More advanced than counting books, these try to make numbers and mathematics enjoyable.


Books containing lyrics and music to songs.


A kind of fiction. Consists of books that deal with supernatural phenomena, as well as books revolving around "whodunit."  Use the keyword search for more specific searches.


Poetry may be rhyming or not, and may include mother goose or blank verse by great poets. For more specific needs, use the keyword search.

Realistic Fiction

A gritty fiction dealing with serious issues for the older reader.   Examples include The Great Gilly Hopkins or What Jamie Saw.


Books that cover the various life and physical sciences, such biology, physiology, physics, chemistry, and more. Combine with a keyword search on the specific science for a more exact search.

Science Fiction

Like fantasy in that they usually occur in incredible places, but they offer some kind of a pseudo-scientific explanation for the events.  Often occurs in the future.

Social Studies

Realistic, non-fiction meant to educate children about other cultures, people, and themselves.


Plays. There are currently only two items in this catagory from the represented awards.
Thriller Suspense is dominant in this type of story, including chases and mysteries, but not necessarily a whodunnit.

Historical Period:

Used for historical fiction and biographies, the divisions have a Eurocentric bias, as well as a bias toward United States history.  The divisions are meant to be guides for a broad area of time.  Some areas dealt with frequently deserved their own sub-division, such as Civil War being distinct from 19th-century.   You can do a keyword search on other centuries, such as the 16th Century.

Prehistoric Covering times before civilization.
Ancient Covering from about 3000 BCE - 500 CE.* 
Medieval Covering about 500 CE - 1500 CE. 
Renaissance Covering about 1500 CE - 1700 CE. 
17th Century Covering from 1600-1699 CE. 
American Revolution Covering the American Revolutionary War. 
18th Century Covering history from 1700 CE through 1799 CE including the American Revolution War.
American Civil War Covering the American Civil War (1861-1865). 
19th Century Covering history from 1800 CE through 1890 CE including the American Civil War.
Turn of the Century Covering about 1890 CE through 1914 CE 
World War I Covering about 1914 CE through 1929 CE, but most are directly related to the First World War.
1920s Covering about 1920 CE through 1929 CE, not usually related to World War I.
1930s Covering 1930 CE through 1939 CE.
Depression  Covering 1930 CE through 1945 CE, especially the great economic Depression world-wide.
1940s Covering 1940 CE through 1949 CE.
World War II Covering about 1942 CE through 1950 CE, but may go back earlier because the Second World War started earlier in European countries.
1950s Covering about 1950 CE through 1959 CE.
1960s Covering about 1960 CE through 1969 CE.
1970s Covering about 1970 CE through 1979 CE.
1980s Covering about 1980 CE through 1989 CE.
Contemporary Most useful for fiction. Usually covering about 1950 to present when the material seems to be contemporary or timeless when read, and does not have any specific years mentioned, or is about issues still current.  More specific times can be searched using the keyword search and the time period (1970s or 1980s).
20th Century Covering about 1900 CE through 1999 CE. Most useful for non-fiction books, such as biographies or histories.
21st Century Covering about 2000 CE - 2999 CE. Most useful for non-fiction books, such as biographies, histories, or books about specific events, such as the Sept. 11, 2001 World Trade Center terrorist attack.
Future By definition these are almost always science fiction, usually utopias or dystopias.
*BCE means Before the Common Era; CE means the Common Era.    
  Used as substitute for BC and AD.


Including only those materials that show two cultures interacting, whether that interaction is positive or negative.  Yo Yes is one example, as is The Oxboy.  Because the database is so specific, other types of multi-culturalism may be accessed by searching for books set outside of the U.S., or using a specific nationality or ethnicity for the protagonist.

Ethnicity/Nationality of the Protagonist or Lore :

Biased in favor of those ethnicities found frequently in the United States.  If a more specific ethnicity is desired, use the keyword search. Lore is given an ethnicity/nationality as is the protagonist.  Ethnicity/Nationality is also used to reflect the country of origin for folktales.

African Set in Africa with African protagonist. 
African-American Separate from African because of overwhelming numbers.
Australian Australian includes both Aboriginal Australians as well as Australians of European or other decent.  Do a keyword search for only Aborigines.
Canadian Separate because of great numbers. Usually Canadian award-winning books are set in Canada about Canadians.
Chinese Separate because of great numbers.  Find Chinese-Americans by setting ethnicity to Chinese and location to United States. 
Danish Separate because of numbers.
East Asian A group search for people from China, Japan, Korea, Thailand, Vietnam, Mongolian, Tibet, and Cambodia. Combine with a keyword search to be specific.
East Indian Means people from India rather than Native Americans in North or South America.
English Separate because of numbers. 
French Separate because of numbers. 
German Separate because of numbers. 
Greek Separate because of numbers. 
Hispanic Covering protagonists living in the United States, Mexico, Middle America, and South America. To find Hispanic-Americans, set the location to United States. 
Irish Separate because of numbers. 
Italian Separate because of numbers. 
Japanese Separate because of numbers.  Find Japanese-Americans by setting ethnicity to Japanese and location to United States.
Jewish Separate because of numbers. 
Korean Separate because of numbers.
Mid-Eastern Separate because of numbers. 
Native American Covers all natives of the Western Hemisphere, whether North or South America.  Combine with a keyword for more specific tribes such as Sioux or Maya. 
New Zealand For New Zealanders from the old world or native Maori. Combine with keyword search to be specific.
Polish Separate because of numbers. 
Russian Separate because of numbers. 
Scottish Separate because of numbers.
Welsh Separate because of numbers.
Other Includes all ethnicities or nationalities not included in the above, such as Albanian, Austrian, Bulgarian, Haitian, Jamaican, Cornish, Dutch, Hungarian, Norwegian, Spanish, and Swedish. Do a keyword search at access specific ethnicities or nationalities.


Used to select the gender of the protagonist, without regard to the genre of the book.  Protagonist means the main character in fiction as well as non-fiction, such as biographies.

Languages Other Than English:

All of these books were written or translated into English. But sometimes books include a significant number of words from other languages in an effort to enhance the representation of the culture, to promote understanding of other languages and cultures, or to provide a comfort level for non-native speakers. Most often these books are in Spanish, but other languages sometimes appear.  The number of books of that language in the database appears in parentheses in the Language pull-down menu.

Publication Year:

May be used to limit the books to a year or span of years.


The Keyword search is for when highly specialized books are needed, such as books on Christmas or death. Words are automatically searched as a phrase. No Boolean ANDs or ORs will function in this field (Yet!). When searching, try to pluralize the nouns you are using:    search dogs rather than dog.

The keyword search can be used to find:

  1. More specific locations not found in the setting drop-down menu, such as U.S. state names, U.S. regions, or countries. To find U.S. regions, use the following codes in the keyword search:

    New England (USE): Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.
    Northeast (USNE): Above and New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia
    Great Plains (USGP): Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota
    Midwest (USM): Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Wisconsin
    Northwest (USNW): Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southwest (USSW): Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Utah
    Pacific (USP): Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, Washington
    South (USSo): Arkansas, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    Southeast (USSE): Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia

  2. More specific ethnicities or nationalities not found in the drop-down menu, such as Aborigines
  3. Key phrase in the title of a book to find out what awards it has won
  4. Themes or subject matter of target stories
  5. More specific subject areas in science, such as biology or physics


The author/illustrator/translator search feature offers a way to search for the people who created/shaped the book. This will search these three fields. The best way to search is to use either the first name or the last name. As DAWCL is a small database, that should yield good results. You may try, however, to type in the last name with a comma then a space and the first name.


The awards given are the sources for the books in the database.  As time goes by, I hope to add more sources that recognize quality children's books. To search the entire database leave the pull-down menu to "Search All Awards." Selecting a specific award will limit the search to that award only. To obtain a list of books which have won an award select the award and sort by publication year.  You may want to find out more about these awards.

In the results page(s), abbreviations are given to each of the awards.   The abbreviations are as follows:


1. ABBY United States flag American Booksellers Book of the Year Award
2. ACBA Australia's Flag  Australia Children's Book of the Year Award (Three categories in one.)
3. Aesop United States flag Aesop Prize
4. AFHG Canada's Flag Amelia Frances Howard Gibbon Illustrator Award
5. AIP United States flag American Institute of Physics Science Writing Award - Children
6. AIYH United States flag American Indian Youth Literature Award Honor
7. AIYL United States flag American Indian Youth Literature Award
8. ALAN United States flag ALA Notable Books for Children
9. AmBA United States flag Americas Book Award for Children's and Young Adult Literature
10. Aurealis Australia's flag Aurealis Awards
11. BBB United States flag Best Books for Babies
12. BBYA United States flag Best Books for Young Adults (American Library Association)


BELA United States flag Notable Books of the English Language Arts
14. BGHBA United States flag Boston Globe-Horn Book Award
15. BGHBH United States flag Boston Globe-Horn Book Honors


BFYA United States flag Best Fiction for Young Adults
17. Bisto Ireland's flag Bisto Book of the Year
18. BSBYA United States flag Book Sensense Book of the Year Award


BTP United Kingdom's Flag Booktrust Teenage Prize
20. CABA United States flag Children's Africana Book Award
21. CABH United States flag Children's Africana Book Honor
22. CarM United Kingdom's Flag Carnegie Medal
23. CBIA Ireland's flag CBI Book of the Year Award
24. CBIH Ireland's flag CBI Book of the Year Honor
25. CGWA United States flag Carter G. Woodson Award
26. CGWH United States flag Carter G. Woodson Honor
27. CLABYA Canada's Flag Canada Library Association Young Adult Canadian Book Award
28. CLABYC Canada's Flag Canada Library Association Book of the Year Award for Children
29. CM United States flag Caldecott Medal
30. CH United States flag Caldecott Honor
31. ChrisA United States flag Christopher Award
32. CSKA United States flag Coretta Scott King Award
33. CSKH United States flag Coretta Scott King Honor
34. Costa United Kingdom's Flag Costa Book Award
35. CZA United States flag Charlotte Zolotow Award
36. CZH United States flag Charlotte Zolotow Honor
37. EAPJA United States flag Edgar Allan Poe Juvenile Award
38. EAPYA United States flag Edgar Allan Poe Young Adult Award
39. EBWA United States flag Elizabeth Burr / Worzalla Award
40. EGA New Zealand's Flag Esther Glen Award
41. EPA Australia's Flag Eva Pownall Award
42. EPH Australia's Flag Eva Pownall Honor
43. ETP Australia's Flag Ethel Turner Prize
44. FSSA United States flag Flora Stieglitz Straus Award
45. GBA United States flag Giverny Book Award
46. GBHF Canada's Flag Geoffrey Bilson Award for Historical Fiction for Young People
47. GuardA United Kingdom's Flag Guardian Award for Children's Fiction
48. GG Canada's Flag Governor General's Literary Award
49. GKA United States flag Golden Kite Award
50. GKH United States flag Golden Kite Honor
51. GryA United States flag Gryphon Award
52. GryH United States flag Gryphon Honor
53. HBF United States flag Horn Book Fanfare
54. HMUA United States flag Horace Mann Upstanders Book Award
55. HUMH United States flag Horace Mann Upstanders Honor Book
56. JABA United States flag Jane Addams Book Award
57. JABH United States flag Jane Addams Book Honor Book
58. JBA United States flag John and Patricia Beatty Award
59. JFA United States flag Josette Frank Award
60. KGM United Kingdom's Flag  Kate Greenaway Medal
61. KMA New Zealand's Flag Kurt Maschler Award
62. LBHA United States flag Lee Bennett Hopkins Award
63. LBHH United States flag Lee Bennett Hopkins Honor
64. Lewis United States flag Claudia Lewis Award
65. MBP Canada's Flag Marilyn Baillie Picture Book Award
66. MFA United States flag Mythopoeic Fantasy Award for Children's Literature
67. MLBA United States flag Mildred L. Batchelder Award 
68. MLBH United States flag Mildred L. Batchelder Honor
69. MLPA United States flag Michael L. Printz Award
70. MLPH United States flag Michael L. Printz Honor
71. NBA United States flag National Book Award for Young People's Literature
72. NBH United States flag National Book Honor Award for Young People's Literature
73. NFA Canada's Flag Norma Fleck Award for Canadian Children's Non-Fiction
74. NM United States flag Newbery Medalist
75. NH United States flag Newbery Honor
76. NSSTB United States flag Notable Social Studies Trade Books
77. NYTBI United States flag New York Times Best Illustrated
78. OIB United States flag Outstanding International Book List
79. OPA United States flag Orbis Pictus Award
80. OPH United States flag Orbis Pictus Honor
81. OSTB United States flag Outstanding Science Trade Book Award
82. PBA United States flag Pura Belpre Award
83. PBH United States flag Pura Belpre Honor
84. PhA United States flag Phoenix Award
85. PhH United States flag Phoenix Honor
86. PMLA Australia's Flag Prime Minister's Literary Awards
87. PWP Australia's Flag Patricia Wrightson Prize
88. RCA New Zealand's Flag Russell Clark Award
89. RSA Canada's Flag Ruth and Sylvia Schwartz Children's Book Award
90. SIBA United States flag Robert F. Sibert Informational Book Award 
91. SIBH United States flag Robert F. Sibert Informational Book Honor
92. SmA United Kingdom's Flag Smarties Award
93. SFHA United States flag Sid Fleischman Humor Award
94. SODA United States flag Scott O'Dell Award
95. Spur United States flag Spur Award of the Western Writers of America
96. SSLI United States flag Society of School Librarians International
97. SSLH United States flag Society of School Librarians International Honor Book
98. STA United States flag Sydney Taylor Award
99. STH United States flag Sydney Taylor Honor
100. StoneA United States flag Stonewall Children & Young Adult Literature Award
101. StoneH United States flag Stonewall Children & Young Adult Literature Honor
102. TVSB United States flag Tennessee Volunteer State Book Award
103. TBYA United States flag Ten Best Books for Young Adults
104. TDC Canada's Flag TD Canadian Children's Literature Award
105. TFYA United States flag Top Ten Best Fiction for Young Adults
106. TSGA United States flag Theodore Seuss Geisel Award
107. TSGH United States flag Theodore Seuss Geisel Honor
108. TRA United States flag Tomas Rivera Mexican American Children's Book Award
109. WAWA United States flag William Allen White Award
110. WCBY United Kingdom's Flag Whitbread Children's Book of the Year Award
111. YAENA United States flag YALSA Award for Excellence in Nonfiction for Young Adults Award
112. YAENF United States flag YALSA Award for Excellence in Nonfiction for Young Adults Finalists

Point of View:

I have recently become interested in point of view as an indexed field in the database. As I consider it and think about the work of going back to previously read and indexed books to get that piece of information, I'm drawing up a plan for what I might put in that field. "Whose thoughts does the narrator know?"

1st person
1st person diary -- (all text is journal entries)
1st person epistolary -- (all text is letters from the same character)
1st person poetic -- (all text is poetry)
1st person plural -- (all text uses the "we" rather than "I")
1st person protagonist -- (Use of I is limited to the protagonist)
1st person ancillary -- (Use of I is limited to a secondary character in the story.)
1st person external -- (Use of I is limited to a voice that doesn't appear in the story.)
1st person streaming consciousness
2nd person
-- (Use of "you" rather than I, he or she.)
3rd person
omniscent -- (Narrator knows what all characters think and feel.)
3rd person limited objective -- (Narrator focuses on one character, but dooesn't know its thoughts or feelings).
3rd person
limited subjective -- (Narrator knows what one character thinks and feels.)
3rd person
external -- (Narrator conveyes a narrative voice that expresses opinions about the action. May be ancillary or external.)
3rd person
objective -- (Narrator is neutral and doesn't know what any character thinks or feels, but describes all like a camera.)
Multiple epistolary -- (all text is letters from various characters)
Multiple documentary -- (all text is from multiple sources and various characters)

Database of Award-Winning Children's Literature